What are Foot Callouses and Corns?
Calluses and Corns are caused when your body experiences pressure or friction against the skin. When this happens, the skin that is affected thickens. For instance, if the foot rubs against the shoe, the affected area will build up, forming a sometimes-painful area that will begin to rub against shoes, socks and nylons. While very similar, there are noticeable differences among these skin conditions:
- Corns are thickened skin in the shape of a cone or circle
- Calluses are similar, expect that they are more spread out over the skin and are flatter in appearance.
- If your callus has black dots – it may be a plantars wart- see a Foot Dr immediately!
Where Do Foot Corns and Calluses Form?
Corns and calluses often form at different places on the feet, since there is so much pressure exerted there, including:
- Over the ball of foot, on the sole
- Between the fourth and fifth (pinky) toe
- On the outside of the baby toe
- Hard skin on the top of the second toe
Sometimes, a bone in your foot is out of the normal position. The skin that is caught between the bone and shoe or the bone and the ground will begin to thicken to protect the foot from pressure. As the skin thickens, it can become painful.
There are several reasons why painful corns and calluses form:
- Problems with the positions of your toes (such as hammertoes and bunions) or a malformation on your foot
- An irregular gait that causes pressure or friction on part of your foot
- Ill-fitting shoes
- previously broken toe healed funny
How Are Foot Corns and Calluses Treated?
Both can be treated by removing the conditions that cause corns and calluses on the feet, which will reduce the friction that is causing your skin to harden.
Plantar warts on the foot are treated very differently- have the Podiatrist check it!
It’s important to remember that corns and calluses are not usually harmful (although those with diabetes should let their doctors know if skin begins to thicken on the foot). However, serious calluses and corns can become infected, affect foot movement or destroy healthy tissue. If that occurs, they’ll need to be removed.
With our help, calluses and corns can be monitored and controlled. There are certain medications and special exfoliating creams in our Beaver County Foot Doctors office and Butler County Foot Clinics that remove the dead skin that make up most corns and calluses. However, you should never try to cut or shave them off yourself—corns and calluses can become badly infected, especially if you are diabetic or have poor circulation.
Give Beaver Valley Foot Clinic a call today to arrange an appointment. Our podiatrists can treat the skin problems that affect your feet.
Call now for your consultation 878-313-3338
- 22 years of experience
- 4 convenient locations
- Board Certified Podiatrist ABFAS
- Customized treatment plan
- Confidential private settings
- Pittsburgh’s locally and family owned
- Minimally invasive and non-invasive options
- Comfortable atmosphere
- Medically trained staff
- On-site physician
- Free parking
- Free coffee
FAQ’s about Corns and Calluses
Q. What is a callus?
A. A callous is hardened, area of thick skin found a pressure point where rubbing or friction occurs.
Q. What is the best callous treatment?
A. The safest and best callus treatment is found at your local Podiatrist in Butler County. Dr Teimouri DPM will shave down the callous gently and painlessly with a scalpel.
Q. What are some callous treatments I can try at home?
A. Popular home remedies for calluses include Pumice stones, sandpaper and moisturizing creams. FYI over the counter creams are not strong enough. Our podiatry office, Beaver PA and other locations carry much stronger options like 40% urea cream and keratalytic agents that slough off the dead skin with out damaging good skin. This is especially important in our Diabetic patients.
Q. I get painful cracks in my heel, what is the best treatment for cracked heels?
A. The best treatment for Cracked heel fissures is to #1 get a correct diagnosis from our Foot Doctor in Moon Twp or other locations as to the cause of the cracks, which are multiple. One cause may be tinea pedis, or athletes foot , causing the thick skin and cracks. The Foot Doctor can write a prescription to heal it in about 30 days. She can also shave the thick skin to prevent the cracks from going deeper.